Programming

Best Programming Languages to Learn (2021)

Our reliance on web development specialists is growing as our world moves toward a digital-first economy. As a result, if you want to learn to code, now is a great moment to start. Choosing the ideal programming language to learn, on the other hand, might be difficult.

The good thing is that you have a number of possibilities from which to choose. If you’re a new coder, choose the correct language is crucial. It can assist you in pursuing your job goals and prepare you to study more sophisticated languages and abilities in the future.

In this article, we’ll go over several key features to look for in a programming language. Then, in 2021, we’ll examine the best programming languages to learn. Let’s get started!

What should a programmer look for in a programming language?

Working in software (or online) development may be a simple decision. Choosing the ideal programming language to learn, on the other hand, might be far more challenging. This decision will be influenced by a number of circumstances, and it will not be the same for everyone.

However, there are a few characteristics you should look for in a programming language. The first is that it has a lengthy shelf life and is still relevant. Some programming languages are short-lived and quickly become outdated. These aren’t going to help you in the long run. As a result, we recommend looking for languages that are widely used in a variety of sectors.

Another element to consider is the language’s or skill’s demand. Conducting some research for currently available job jobs might help you have a better understanding of the current market. The more study you conduct on programming language career prospects, the higher your chances of selecting the best alternative.

Your career goals are a third factor to consider. In the same spirit as career opportunities, think about what kinds of jobs you believe you’ll enjoy and what kind of work you’re passionate about.

Each discipline has its own set of requirements for programming languages. The language you begin with should be determined by your present level of coding knowledge. Then you may customise your expertise to the positions you’re interested in applying for.

In 2021, what are the best programming languages to learn?

Now that you have a better understanding of programming languages, it’s time to look at some of the most popular choices. The four finest programming languages to learn in 2021 are shown below.

  • JavaScript
  • Go
  • Python
  • PHP

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1. JavaScript

Best Programming Languages

For years, JavaScript has been the most popular development language available. It is used for a variety of activities, including front-end web development and mobile projects. However, it is most known for incorporating responsive features into web sites.

Because JavaScript is utilized on every system that has a web browser, it is one of the most widely used languages. In fact, some of the world’s most popular websites, such as Facebook, Google, and YouTube, employ it.

JavaScript is also one of the easiest programming languages to learn. It’s probably third only to HTML and CSS in terms of popularity. While it isn’t as easy to learn as those two options, it is simpler than most other programming and scripting languages. Furthermore, the syntax is adaptable, making it a good choice for folks with little or no coding knowledge.

This programming language also has a lot of flexibility. It supports a large number of libraries and frameworks for both front-end and back-end development. Node.js is one of its most popular frameworks:

This can be used in the production of mobile and video games. It’s also commonly used for web servers and applications. Software engineer, front-end developer, and full-stack developer are some of the positions you might be qualified for if you know JavaScript.

Furthermore, there are numerous JavaScript resources accessible to assist you in learning the programming language. As a result, if you’re brand new to programming, JavaScript is most certainly the best language to learn in 2021.

2. Go

Best Programming Languages

Go (sometimes known as “golang”) is an open-source programming language created by Google. It’s designed primarily for online applications and application programming interfaces (APIs). It’s a C++ and Java alternative. You’re not alone if you haven’t heard of it because it’s pretty new.

Go is a fast language since it is compiled to machine code. The syntax is very close to that of C. However, learning it can be challenging, so it’s not the most beginner-friendly alternative. However, it is gaining pace and will most certainly become quite popular in the next years. It’s a simple programming language that’s perfect for creating network apps.

Despite being the least popular programming language on this list, because to its simple and modern structure, it is gradually gaining popularity. It’s mostly a desktop language, but it’s a good option if you want to work with Google products or as a data scientist. It can also be used to create online apps, terminal tools, and Graphical User Interface (GUI) programs.

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3. Python

Python is another option if you’re seeking for a simple and intuitive programming language. The Django framework is built on this beginner-friendly language.

This means it’s also the foundation for well-known websites like Instagram, YouTube, and Google Search, as well as iRobot robots. Mozilla and Spotify, for example, employ it in their development. It also includes a number of science-specific uses that make it valuable for academic study.

Python is a general-purpose programming language that may be used in a variety of ways. It is driven by Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and can be used for functional and reflective programming, for example.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning environments are likewise rife with it. It’s also one of the most widely used languages for server-side programming, as well as online and mobile applications.

As a result, if you want to design software or work as a data scientist, this is a worthwhile language to learn. Python is also extremely adaptable, making it a good choice for both novice and expert programmers.

4. PHP

Best Programming Languages

PHP is one of the most popular and in-demand programming languages on the market, having been released in the 1990s. It has a simple, easy-to-understand syntax.

You’ve probably heard of PHP if you’ve done any web development. Some of the most popular Content Management Systems (CMS) use this open-source programming language. Joomla, Drupal, and WordPress are examples of this.

It is also used to create online applications and ecommerce software, in addition to CMSs. Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Facebook are among the sites that use it. Laravel, for example, is a PHP framework that is both accessible and powerful.

Frameworks like these can make your coding experience more efficient and the programming language easier to master.

Some developers believe PHP’s viability is dwindling. Given that it’s currently utilized in about 80% of all websites on the internet, as well as some of the most popular website building tools, this shouldn’t be a major worry.

PHP can be used for back-end programming as well as server-side scripting. In addition, due to its popularity and extensive use, there are a plethora of PHP resources available to help you master the language.

If you’ve worked with programming languages before, you’ll find PHP to be a breeze to learn. Even if you have little to no prior knowledge, it will most likely be a simple language to learn.

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Conclusion

Now is a great time to kickstart a career in programming and web development. However, doing so isn’t always easy. To make sure you make the most of your efforts, it’s critical to choose the best programming language to learn.

As we discussed in this article, the “best” language can vary depending on a variety of factors, but there are four top options we recommend:

  1. JavaScript. If you’re a complete beginner coder, this is probably the best option. It’s incredibly popular and it is a staple in web development. It’s easy to learn and is useful for both front and back-end development.
  2. Go. This Google-created language is one of the more difficult languages on the list. However, it’s a solid choice if you’re interested in Google technologies and system or network programming.
  3. Python. Python is worth learning if you’re interested in a reliable, widely used programming language in the data science field. It is especially useful in web and mobile development, as well as building machine learning software.
  4. PHP. This is another programming language that’s ideal to choose if you’re a beginner. It’s prevalent and versatile, and can be a suitable choice if you want to work with front or back-end development on popular CMSs such as WordPress.

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